INTERATIONAL SOCIETY FOR POVERTY ELIMINATION ECONOMIC ALLIANCE GROUP
Implementation and Evaluation of EGM on Strategies to Eradicate Poverty May 2017 Report – Central Role for 8 June 2017 UK Election Voters
2 June 2017
Table of Contents
1. Introduction 3
2. Integrated Vision 5
3. Implementing the Two Reports Recommendations and Conclusions 8
4. Ending Hunger, Malnutrition and Poverty 8
5. Global Pilot Program 10
6. Evaluation 10
7. New UN System: UNO, WBG, IMF Vision – Paradigm Shifts 10
8. Multi Stakeholder Platform / Partnership, MSP 11
9. Rethinking War on Hunger, War on Malnutrition and War on Poverty 12
10. Human Centered Design 14
11. World Future 15
12. The Argument 16
13. Good Reforms – Political Will and Public Will 16
14. Conclusion 17
15. Appendix 19
3PIs – Policy, Program, Project Interventions
3PCM – Policy, Program, Project Cycle Management
9 Blocks of Stakeholders – UN Member States – Executive, Legislature, Judiciary;
UN System: UNO, WBG, IMF Entities; Commonwealth System Entities; CSOs/NGOs; Farmer and Processor Organizations; Private Sector: Micro, Small, Medium, Large, Multinational; Academics and Researchers; Internal Consultants and External Consultants; Journalists: Print, TV, Radio, Online
AAAA – Addis Ababa Action Agenda
COP21 – Climate Change Agreement 2015
CPS – Country Partnership Strategy
EAG – Economic Alliance Group
EAC – Environmental Audit Committee of UK Parliament
EGM – Expert Group Meeting
EPEHEM – End Poverty, End Hunger and End Malnutrition
IDEAS – International Development Evaluation Association
ISPE – International Society for Poverty Elimination
IMF – International Monetary Fund
MSP – Multi Stakeholder Platform / Partnership
NAP – National Adaptation Plan
NEHMAP – New End Hunger, Malnutrition and Poverty
NSA – Non State Actors
SDG – Sustainable Development Goals
UNO - United Nations Organization
UNS - United Nations System
WBG – World Bank Group
WDR – World Development Report by World Bank
We applaud Organizers and Participants at the Experts Group Meeting, EGM on Strategies to Achieve Sustainable Development for All, UN Headquarters, 8 – 11 May 2017 on the release of its Report.
The Report underlines urgent need for Internal Publics and External Publics in the UN System: UNO, WBG and IMF to jointly find correct answers to Structural and Policy Changes real and complex correct diagnosis, correct prescription, correct surgery and correct recovery management How questions in each specific Community, Sub-national, National, Sub-regional, Regional and Global location context in each of the 306/193 UN Member States.
We applaud the UK Parliament Environmental Audit Committee, EAC on the release of its Report on Sustainable Development Goals in the UK.
The Report underlines urgent need for the UK Government and UK Parliament to jointly with their Partners - other State Actors (Government Agencies and Entities) and Non State Actors (Civil Society, Business and General Public) and International Institutions (UN System: UNO, WBG and IMF Entities and Commonwealth System Entities within and beyond the UK on Rethinking UK National Development Vision interlinked, interconnected and interdependent with Rethinking UK International Development Vision.
The Two Reports recognizes rightly that whereas MDG (Millennium Development Goals) affect only South Countries, the SDG (Sustainable Development Goals) affect all 306/193 UN Member States, that is all North and South Countries in our World today.
It is pertinent to note that the UK, other North Countries, Nigeria and other South Countries all face Food Security, Nutrition Challenges and Sustainable Development issues and that the SDG is an All Inclusive, All Embracing and Ambitious Agenda for effectively addressing all these issues within Mutual Collaboration between each North and South Country and their Internal and External Publics.
It is pertinent to note further that the Two Reports each answer what questions while avoiding or evading answers to How questions.
ISPE/EAG study finding is that:-
1. The 14 points set out in the UK Parliament EAC Report Conclusions and Recommendations cannot be fully implemented with effective monitoring and evaluation of this implementation and in ways that achieve increasing convergence between New UK National Development Vision and New UK International Development Vision and SDG Vision Intention and Reality in each Community in the UK and each Community in each UK Partner North Country and South Country in our World today and in ways that strengthen and reinforce Connection between each Community in UK and other North Countries and South Countries in our World today and UNO Headquarters New York; UN Agencies Headquarters in New York, Geneva and Rome; WBG Headquarters Washington and IMF Headquarters Washington.
2. The Key Messages and Recommendations (unnumbered but set out in Pages 4 - 13) in EGM on Strategies to Eradicate Poverty May 2017 Report cannot be fully implemented with effective monitoring and evaluation of this implementation and in ways that achieve increasing convergence between New National Development Vision, New International Development Vision, SDG Vision, AAAA Vision, COP21 Vision, Agenda 21 Vision Intention and Reality in each Community of 306/193 UN Member States and in ways that strengthen and reinforce Connection between each Community in each North Country and South Country in our World today and UNO Headquarters New York; UN Agencies Headquarters in New York, Geneva and Rome; WBG Headquarters Washington and IMF Headquarters Washington.
2/3 of the World Poor have their livelihoods in Agriculture. There is no North Country or South Country in our World today that can meaningfully address its Food Security, Nutrition Challenges and Sustainable Development issues without the specific UN Member State Government and specific UN Member State Parliament effectively supporting End Hunger, Malnutrition and Poverty Initiatives in UK, Europe, Nigeria, Africa, US and rest of the World.
The EGM on Strategies to Eradicate Poverty May 2017 Report rightly identifies the Central Role of Food, Agriculture and Nutrition Dimension of all the 17 Goals of the SDG in the work towards finding sustainable solutions to real and complex Political, Cultural, Economic, Financial, Social, Environment, Peace, Security, Religious, Moral, Legal, Technical problems on the ground challenging each Community in each of 306/193 UN Member States.
Today UK Poverty is such that for many Children, Youth, Women, Men and Elders on both White Citizens and BME Citizens sides is at Victoria Era levels. Today US Poverty is such that for many Children, Youth, Women, Men and Elders White and Non White Citizens is at Jim Crow levels despite over 50 years of US War on Poverty. The Two Reports underline urgent need for National and International Stakeholders in each of 306/193 UN Member States to face New Direction and Adopt New Priorities, if sustainable solutions are to be found to ensure World Poverty is eradicated by 2030 Target date of the SDG
The SDG overarching Goals are Ending Hunger, Malnutrition and Poverty and Achieving Environmental Sustainability. However about a month to end of 2nd quarter in 2017 Year 2 of Implementation, fundamental issues that ought to have been settled by end 1st quarter 2015 Year of Decision are still outstanding. This is not helpful.
Mary Creagh, MP Chair of Environmental Audit Committee made comments when the Report was being released that underlined need for UK Government and UK Parliament and their Domestic and Foreign Partners to ensure that Brexit is Force for Good and not Force for Evil and all Ideas and Issues highlighted in the Report are made 8 June 2017 election issues. UK Government Agencies including Electoral Commission; UK Parliament (now that Parliament is dissolved, responsibility reside in Top Parliamentary Civil Servants); UK Businesses – Micro, Small, Medium, Large and Multinationals; UK Citizens, especially White and BME Community Leaders need to ensure that in the few days remaining to the 8 June 2017 Elections, issues highlighted in the Two Reports are made election issues. Whichever Party emerge Victorious need Working Majority if the Political Will and Public Will necessary to Mobilize National and Global Collective Action required to Drive Needed Change within Structural and Policy Change for Sustainable Solutions to real and complex UK New National Development Vision and UK New International Development Vision problems on the ground from Community to Global levels are to be found.
This Paper sets out ideas and suggestions that could help:-
1. The Next Environmental Audit Committee, Next UK Parliament and Next UK Government authorities come to early decision on Partnership Strategy with their respective Constituencies or Internal and External Publics within the UK and beyond that simultaneously better promote the Common Interest and Common Future of over 7 Billion Citizens in both North and South Countries in general and the Common Interest and Common Future of over 2 Billion Poor Children, Youth, Women, Men and Elders in particular that FAO; UNO and UN System: UNO, WBG and IMF serve.
2. The Serving Parliament and Serving Government in other North Countries and South Countries authorities come to early decision on Partnership Strategy with their respective Constituencies or Internal and External Publics within and beyond the specific North or South Country that simultaneously better promote the Common Interest and Common Future of over 7 Billion Citizens in both North and South Countries in general and the Common Interest and Common Future of over 2 Billion Poor Children, Youth, Women, Men and Elders in particular that FAO; UNO and UN System: UNO, WBG and IMF serve.
The Two Reports, each identifies many real and complex problems on the ground. The Big issue is How can these complex problems be correctly diagnosed with correct prescription, correct surgery and correct recovery management?
DFID has responsibility for Design and Delivery on UK International Development Vision. DFID’s work is done largely in partnership with South Country Governments, is Demand Driven and responds to National Plans and Priorities of Partner Countries. Structural and Policy Changes are Driven only by the UK Government and UK Parliament.
Non State Actors, NSAs cannot be involved in Structural Decision Making Processes and/or Change of any kind related to DFID given that NSAs are Observers according to Internal Procedures. Yet DFID records show that many NSAs had demonstrated capacity to help DFID to more effectively address its Structural and Policy Change issues and in ways that strengthen DFID to be Institution fit for the 21st Century.
FAO has very Robust Partnership Strategy with its various Constituencies including Private Sector and Civil Society that the UK Government and UK Parliament consider adopting for Reinforcing their respective Partnership Strategies with their various Constituencies.
FAO being a UN Specialized Agency, its Internal Structure and Processes’ Change and Development are only driven by UN Member States, especially Powerful North Countries such as UK, France, Germany, Russia and US and South Countries such as Nigeria, South Africa, Brazil, China and India. FAO Internal Structure and Policy Change and Development are only driven by Member States. NSAs cannot be involved in Structural Decision Making Processes and/or Change of any kind related to FAO given that NSAs are Observers according to Internal Procedures. Yet FAO records show that many NSAs had demonstrated capacity to help FAO to more effectively address its Structural and Policy Change issues and in ways that strengthen FAO to be Institution fit for the 21st Century.
The overall import of the Two Reports is that there is urgent need for Structural and Policy Change Initiatives in the UK Government and UK Parliament that is Linked to Structural and Policy Change Initiatives in the Government and Parliament on other North Countries and South Countries aimed at helping all Communities in all North and South Countries to achieve all SDGs’ by 2030 Target date and this calls for Integrated Vision – 2030 Transformation Agenda: AAAA, SDG, COP21, Agenda 21 aligned and harmonized with Community Development Plans and Country Development Plans in each of 306/193 Member States.
The EOSOC Forum on Finance for Development May 2017 called for a Universal Approach to Poverty that includes a Holistic Bottom Up Approach that responds and commits to effectively tackling social concerns including social protection and risk management systems; gender equality; women’s and girl’s empowerment; productivity concerns and corporate social responsibility; financial inclusion and inequality; measuring success and performance management. This Call underlines the Principle of Integration at the Core of the 2030 Transformation Agenda Driving the SDG as an Integrated Vision.
The EGM on Strategies to Eradicate Poverty May Report noted that:-
1. Sustainable approaches to addressing inequality require not only technically sound approaches, but also need to be part of and constitute social contracts.
2. An enhanced role of the United Nations is needed for ensuring greater international cooperation in particular for capacity building of less developed countries and for combating illicit transfer of funds and stemming harmful tax completion.
3. Investing in agricultural and non-agricultural activities in rural areas promotes food security and improved nutrition and also boosts income of rural poor households, increase consumption and aggregate demand in local areas. Transforming rural areas as a source of productive employment will also contribute to curbing rural-urban migration.
4. Poverty, in and of itself, is a multifaceted challenge that needs a multiplicity of solutions to combat it. Innovative and inclusive finance, is not a “silver bullet” to get people out of poverty, 9 but by creating employment, additional income and savings buffers, it can play a role in reducing poverty and the impact thereof, as well as boosting wellbeing.
5. Integrating adaptation strategies to climate change into development plans and poverty eradication strategies, including social protection will address vulnerability and build resilience. Countries need to conduct vulnerability assessment to identify the needs of poor, socially marginalized and vulnerable people, integrate uncertainty into resilience planning, and scale adaptation options that benefit many people. Vulnerability can be reduced and resilience can be built by, and collaborate with multiple partners at various scales.
6. A right combination of cross-sectoral policies and programmes towards eliminating hunger and malnutrition needs to be identified. Development of innovative resource mobilization from a broad set of public and private sector actors and financial instruments is essential.
7. Policies, including government interventions are required to protect the rural poor who are disproportionately affected by market failures. Countries should foster inclusive structural transformation and growth that enables rural communities to participate in and benefit from economic activity. Rural cooperatives and institutions should also contribute to poverty eradication.
8. Countries need to maximize the impact of macroeconomic, employment and social policies on poverty by ensuring policy coherence and more coordination across sectors and identifying incentives for ministries for better policy coordination and coherence in line with Agenda 2030 and the Sustainable Development Goals. Coordination at the local, regional and national levels and among all stakeholders would require strong implementation capacity.
Our Study finding is that the Universal Approach that Works will be both Bottom Up and Top Down and will be All Inclusive, All Embracing and Ambitious Approach Robust enough to effectively support Design and Delivery – Research side (Research, Planning, Data/Statistics); Implementation Side – Implementation; Evaluation Side – (Monitoring, Evaluation) and Success Side (Learning, Results, Measuring Success)of 2030 Transformation Agenda – AAAA, SDG, COP21, Agenda 21 aligned and harmonized with Community Development Plans and Country Development Plans in each of 306/193 UN Member States.
As long as such Universal Approach that is a Common and Systemic Approach (Not One Cap fit All) is not agreed to by all Community to Global Stakeholders and effectively deployed from Community to Global levels, achieving Integrated Vision of the 2030 Transformation Agenda in each Community in each of 306/193 UN Member States could be Mirage.
Implementing the Two Reports Recommendations and Conclusions
The past two successful world movements – against slavery and apartheid did not succeed until the UK Parliament became more meaningfully involved. The work towards achieving the SDG by 2030 target date cannot succeed without the UK Parliament recognizing that sustainable solutions to real and complex SDG problems on the ground at Community, Sub-national, National, Sub-regional, Regional and Global levels need to be driven by World Movement Against Poverty that is far more challenging than the combined challenge world movement against slavery and apartheid.
The World Bank World Development Report, WDR 2017 on Governance underlines need for Changing Rules and Procedures if there is to be increasing convergence between SDG Vision Intention and Reality by 2030 target date. This could start from New Rules and Procedures that allow for meaningful involvement of NSAs in Structural and Policy Change Initiatives on North and South Countries as well as UN System: UNO, WBG, IMF and Commonwealth System Entities Structural and Policy Changes promoting and protecting Needed Change that help achieve increasing convergence between SDG Vision Intention and Reality in each Community in each UN Member State.
The full Implementation with effective Monitoring and Evaluation of the EAC Report April 2017 Conclusions and Recommendations and EGM on Strategies to Eradicate Poverty Report May 2017 Key Messages and Recommendations would contribute significantly towards achieving 2030 Transformation Agenda Targets by 2030 Target date and in ways that help find sustainable solutions to many of the real and complex National and Global problems on the ground in each of 306/193 UN Member States.
Ending Hunger, Malnutrition and Poverty
In a world with almost 868 million people chronically undernourished in 2013, no single organization or sector can solve the problem of hunger on its own. FAO therefore places high importance on working together in partnership4 with all relevant governmental, non-governmental and private sector stakeholders at local, national, regional and international levels. By joining forces, FAO and its partners can more effectively contribute to eradicating chronic hunger and poverty and improving access to food by the poor and vulnerable.
The FAO Strategy for Partnerships with the Private Sector has been developed within the context of the FAO Organization-wide Strategy on partnerships. The latter covers the broad range of partnerships in general terms and calls for elaboration of specific strategies related to key categories of partnership, including the private sector.
Agricultural development and production are core private enterprise activities. The private sector can thus potentially widely contribute to lifting large numbers of people in developing countries out of poverty and hunger through responsible and productive investment, innovation, enhanced efficiency and employment creation. One of the roles of governments is to create enabling environments for the private sector to optimize their role in rural development. FAO is well positioned to facilitate dialogue and collaboration between the public and the private sector. There is a need for FAO to better serve as Facilitator of Public Private Policy Dialogue in National and Global Interest. The Proposed Partnership for Implementation and Evaluation of the Report Recommendations and Conclusions can strengthen FAO contribution in this regard.
FAO Mutual Collaboration will start at the grassroots level in a bottom-up approach that builds on well-established local relationships. For Best Results, this FAO approach needs to be complemented with the new FAO EPEHEM (End Poverty, End Hunger, End Malnutrition) Comprehensive Approach and these need to be demonstrated and be seen to be demonstrated from Community to Global levels through One Worldwide Approach to Food, Agriculture and Nutrition that is Integral Part of Ending Hunger, Malnutrition and Poverty that is not a one-cap-fit-all but One Worldwide Common and Systemic Approach used by FAO Internal Publics and external Publics at all Community to Global levels. The only such One Worldwide Approach available anywhere in our World today is 3PCM – Policy, Program, Project Cycle Management Benefits focused Approach to National and International Development Cooperation.
3PCM is built upon Systems Analysis, Systems Theory and Systems Practice as One. NEHMAP (New End Hunger, Malnutrition and Poverty) Initiative demonstrates practicability of the implementation or operationalization in practice of 3PCM.
As long as Community to Global Stakeholders in Food, Agriculture, Nutrition / Malnutrition, Hunger, Poverty Dimension of 2030 Transformation Agenda: AAAA, SDG, COP21, Agenda 21 aligned and harmonized with Community Development Plans and Country Development Plans deploy different Approaches (some of which may be divergent) to Research: Research, Planning, Statistics/Data; Implementation; Evaluation: Monitoring, Evaluation; Success: Learning, Results, Success, it will be uphill task achieving 2030 Transformation Agenda by target date in many UN Member States, especially in Africa that has traditionally been left behind in past Global Agriculture Revolutions from the very first to the MDG, which unchecked could also result in Africa been left behind by SDG 2030 Target date.
With a One Worldwide Approach to: Research; Implementation; Evaluation and Success sides of 2030 Transformation Agenda, as One; acceptable to all Community to Global Stakeholders on 9 Blocks: Member States – Governments and Parliaments; UN System: UNO, WBG, IMF Entities; Commonwealth System Entities; CSOs/NGOs; Private Sector: Micro, Small, Medium, Large, Multinational Enterprises; Farmer and Processor Organizations; Academics and Researchers; Internal Consultants and External Consultants; Journalists: Print, TV, Radio, Online - the probability is high that many real and complex problems on the ground that seem to be HUGE Mountains will suddenly become Mole Hills.
The selected One Worldwide Approach does not have to be 3PCM. Stakeholders are free to create an alternative, provided it is as robust as 3PCM, that Is, the alternative Approach is a sufficiently “All Inclusive, All Embracing and Ambitious” Approach, capable of effectively Driving work towards achieving Ambitions of the “All Inclusive, All Embracing, Ambitious” SDG which affects all North and South Countries. Please note that AAAA is in reality the Finance Dimension of SDG; COP21 is in reality the Climate Change Dimension of SDG; Agenda 21 is in reality the Environment Dimension of SDG and EPEHEM is in reality the Food, Agriculture, Nutrition/Malnutrition; Hunger and Poverty Dimension of SDG.
Global Pilot Program
We suggested Pilot Program in 5 Regions and 12 Countries: North Countries - US, UK, Germany, France, Russia and Italy and South Countries – Nigeria, South Africa, Kuwait, Brazil, China and India. Relevant UN System: UNO, WBG, IMF Entities including FAO; Commonwealth System Entities. Central Coordination meetings for the 6 South Countries will hold at ISPE/EAG Re-opened Abuja Office and the 6 North Countries in FAO Hq Office Rome.
The Heads of Government in each the 12 Countries will be personally invited by FAO DG to participate in the Global Pilot Program through submitting Expression of Interest, EOI by certain deadline date. Countries whose EOIs are received by deadline date and meet selection criteria will be invited to participate in the Global Pilot Program. Should some Countries fail: to submit EOI by deadline date or to meet selection criteria, other Countries in the Sub-region / Region will be invited to submit EOI until all 12 Countries are selected.
In design and delivery of 2030 Transformation Agenda Dimensions including Food, Agriculture, Nutrition, Malnutrition, Wellbeing, Lifestyle, Hunger, Poverty Dimension, there are challenges with Implementation and even greater Challenges with Evaluation. ISPE/EAG is discussing an IDEAS HELF (International Development Evaluation Association, High Level Experts Forum) to address the 2030 Transformation Agenda Evaluation Challenge with IDEAS Board. The probability that IDEAS Board will accept to work with ISPE/EAG in the establishment of the suggested HLEF is 50:50.
New UN System: UNO, WBG, IMF Vision – Paradigm Shifts
It is clear that in the work towards transforming UN System: UNO, WBG, IMF into Institutions Fit for the 21st Century, the UN System needs to be Reformed within a New UN System Vision. In the work towards achieving increasing convergence between New UN System: UNO, WBG and IMF Vision, Mission and Mandate that effectively reinforce UN System - UNO, WBG, IMF Delivery as One, as the UN System work better towards achieving 2030 Agenda - AAAA, SDG, COP21, Agenda 21 Visions by 2030 Target date, there is a need for UN System: UNO, WBG, IMF Internal and External Publics to have genuine recognition that; our world today needs paradigm shift from Talking and Thinking to Action and Accomplishments for Results. That is at the community level, at the sub-national level, at the country level, at the sub-regional level, at the regional level, and at the global level, we all need to make these things happen:
a) jointly making paradigm shifts from working in silos to working intersectorially in synergy;
b) from multiple approaches to common approaches that continuously improve convergence, alignment and harmony;
c) from business as usual to business unusual;
d) from parrotting change to practicing change;
e) from academic research aimed at advancing frontiers of knowledge to development research aimed at significant improvement in critical contemporary measures of service, speed, costs, quality and where necessary revenue;
f) from talking and thinking to Action and Accomplishment.
A platform such as the FAO Multi Stakeholder Platform / Partnership, MSP described in this Proposed Partnership and similar Platforms in UNDESA, other UNO Entities, other UN System: WBG and IMF Entities; Commonwealth System Entities are Global Public Good that helps all parties on North and South Governments and Parliaments and Partners sides engage in dialogue and agree on way-forward actions.
Multi Stakeholder Platform / Partnership, MSP
We propose a Global Partnership for Ending Hunger, Malnutrition and Poverty that is a 4 in 1 MSP – Research, Implementation, Evaluation and Success from Community to Global levels in each of 306/193 UN Member States that effectively link each Community in each of 306/193 UN Member States to UNO Headquarters New York; UNO Agencies Headquarters: New York, Geneva and Rome; WBG Headquarters Washington and IMF Headquarters Washington. No such MSP exists in our World today. Yet such MSP is required to address information, knowledge and research gaps as well as close the identified disconnections.
There is urgent need to establish such 4 in 1 MSP to effectively remove Disconnect between each Community in each of 306/193 UN Member States and FAO Headquarters; other UNO Entities Headquarters Rome; other UNO Entities Headquarters Geneva; other UNO Entities Headquarters New York; UNO Headquarters New York, WBG Headquarters Washington and IMF Headquarters Washington and to ensure that Representatives of 9 Blocks jointly:-
· Frame Food, Agriculture and Nutrition Dimension of Global Goals AAAA, SDG, COP21 aligned and harmonized with Community Development Plans and Country Development Plans in each of 306/193 UN Member States and in ways that motivate constructive stakeholder engagement in each specific location context Community, Sun-national, National, Sub-regional, Regional and Global;
· Identify and assess key stakeholders on Food, Agriculture and Nutrition Dimension of Global Goals AAAA, SDG, COP21 aligned and harmonized with Community Development Plans and Country Development Plans in each of 306/193 UN Member States issues, and build understanding how to leverage areas of potential agreement and address possible conflicts;
· Deploy fact finding and analysis to resolve disputed facts and projections, clarify interactions among political, cultural, economic, financial, environmental, social, moral, religious, peace, security, legal and technical drivers, and model the possible political, cultural, economic, financial, environmental, social, moral, religious, peace, security, legal and technical impacts of proposed policies and actions;
· Deploy Interest-based negotiation and mediation to resolve conflicting interests;
· Dialogue on trust and relationship building strategies adequate to effectively and efficiently address underlying conflicts in values, identities and historical legacies.
· Understand National and International sustainable development as ongoing process of negotiation, consensus building and partnership building among Community to Global stakeholders in each of 306/193 UN Member States with diverse political, cultural, economic, financial, religious, moral, environmental and social interests and values;
· Utilize opportunities for continuing learning and peer exchange on stakeholder engagement and consensus building for national and international sustainable development, as part of a community of practice supported by North and South Countries Governments and Parliaments, FAO, other UN System: UNO, WBG, IMF Entities; Commonwealth System Entities and ISPE/EAG.
Rethinking War on Hunger, War on Malnutrition and War on Poverty
The War on Hunger, War on Malnutrition and War on Poverty need to be Fought and Won together.
The approach to poverty in American politics generally—and in public child welfare specifically—has always been influenced by the widespread understanding of poverty as primarily a moral and personal failing, rather than a structural issue. Child and family poverty, and the policy levers pulled in response to it, have also been marked by significant racial inequality. It is pertinent to note that in America today, poverty in many places is at Jim Crow days level. Also in the UK today, poverty in many places is at Victoria Era levels.
Throughout its history and up to the present day, the United States (to a greater extent than other developed countries) places strict means testing on its safety net, requiring that families demonstrate great need prior to receiving assistance. We must understand strict means testing as a policy strategy, then, within this politically and morally charged historical context.
The ferocious backlash against many War on Poverty Programs, over 50 years old in America and Worldwide—demonstrate how this segregation of programs for the very needy creates negative stereotypes and connotations. Programs designed (or perceived to be designed) exclusively for poor or marginalized populations tend to be politically vulnerable and viewed with scorn, and tend to convey this scorn and stigma to recipients through their resources, administrative structures, and requirements.
The above realities underline urgent need to Rethink War on Hunger, War on Malnutrition and War on Poverty in both North and South Countries. National Leaders and World Leaders on the 9 Blocks sides need to recognize that Implementing and Evaluating Food, Agriculture and Nutrition Dimension of Global Goal – AAAA, SDG, COP21 aligned and harmonized with Community Development Plans and Country Development Plans in 306/193 UN Member States calls for Joint Community, Sub-national, National, Sub-regional, Regional and Global Stakeholders Approach to Fighting and Winning War on Poverty, Hunger, Malnutrition, Disease and Environmental Degradation (PHMDE). This requires Winning Twelve Battles Against Arrogance, Ignorance, Indifference, Incompetence, Indiscipline, Injustice, Intolerance, Insincerity, Inequality, Interference, Impunity and Corruption (A10IC) in each of the PHMDE Wars. In each of the PHMDE Wars National Leaders and World Leaders in each of the 9 Blocks must recognize the denominators – Poverty of Ideas, Integrity, Trust, Competence and Spirit.
We would like to see more emphasis on the importance of peace for achieving sustainable development and that peace as a desirable outcome in itself is strongly - and rightly - affirmed. Including Peace as one of five Ps of the SDG is strongly welcomed. This requires a crucial focus on the causes of violence, insecurity and injustice - both in the narrative as well as in the Goals and Targets. It also requires evolving Corruption Free Society at community, sub-national, national, sub-regional, regional and global levels. The vision for development financing fails to constructively engage with the peace agenda. The EPEHEM, NEHMAP, AAAA, SDG, COP21, Agenda 21 aligned and harmonized with Community and Country Development Plans in 306/193 Member States should acknowledge the risk of doing harm and effectively support peace-building as well as the risk of fighting corruption effectively and efficiently on successful and sustainable basis from Community to Global levels in each of the 306/193 UN Member States.
Similarly, the role of third parties in data production in each Action Agenda Item in each of the NRMAP- Ag, NRMAP, EPEHEM, NEHMAP, AAAA, SDG, COP21, Agenda 21 aligned and harmonized with Community and Country Development Plans in 306/193 Member States as well as monitoring and evaluation / follow up and review of Policy, Program, Project Interventions, 3PIs and 3PI Training as One needs to be more strongly affirmed. This calls for revision all existing UN System: UNO, WBG, IMF Study Reports, Conferences and Meetings Outcome Documents and UNGA Resolutions / Declarations.
Human Centered Design
Today the design of things that involve human interaction, such as programs, product delivery, and services, is more art than science. Here is how it typically works: We use our creativity to brainstorm a few big ideas, experts decide which one they like, and then investors bet on the winner, often with billions of dollars at stake.
This way of design thinking should be replaced by a superior method that can enable us to innovate with more success and less risk. Specifically, we can use scientific insights to generate new ideas and then systematically test and iterate on them to arrive at one that works.
Advances in two academic fields afford this opportunity. The first is behavioral science, which gives us empirical insights into how people interact with their environment and each other under different conditions. Behavioral science encompasses decades of research from various fields, including psychology, marketing, neuroscience, and, most recently, behavioral economics. For example, studies reveal that shorter deadlines lead to greater responsiveness than longer ones, that too much choice leads people to choose nothing, and many more observations, often counterintuitive, about how people react to specific elements of their context.
The second academic field is impact evaluation. Economists have used randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and other experimental methods to measure the impact of programs and policies. Such impact evaluations are becoming more and more common in the social sector and in government. These methods allow us to test whether an innovation actually achieves the outcomes that the designer sought.
Taking a scientific approach also solves another common problem: Sometimes we do not even realize that there is something in need of rigorous, thoughtful design. When we look carefully, the success of most of what we design for people depends as much, if not more, on the human interaction as on the physical product. For example, the first iPhone offered essentially the same functions (phone, calendar, address book, etc.) as a BlackBerry, but it totally changed the experience of using those functions.
In the social and public sectors, programs and services are made up largely of human interactions. And yet anything involving human interaction can be designed more scientifically, and more successfully, when behavioral science and impact evaluation are applied. For instance, a vaccine is a technological product, but how and when parents get their children vaccinated, and how they are reminded to do so, is as much a part of the innovation as the vaccine itself. Poorly designed interactions make products less successful and can also underlie serious social problems.
By putting behavioral science and impact evaluation together— a methodology called behavioral design—Service Providers to 9 Blocks can design more like engineers than like artists.
These Service Providers can use behavioral science to develop ideas that are much more likely to work and be meaningfully supported by the 9 Blocks than those relying entirely on intuition. And Competent Evaluators can rigorously test those ideas to determine which ones truly work. Following the model of engineering and scientific progress, Service Providers and Service Users can jointly build on prior success to make enormous advances that, under previous approaches, would not be possible.
These points underline need for Attitudinal and Behavioral Change Revolution as a Primary Revolution that is Integral Part of other Primary Revolutions: Green / Agriculture Revolution, Enterprise Revolution, Government Revolution, Applied Research Revolution, Data Revolution, Digitization Revolution and Secondary Revolutions: Education Revolution; Health Revolution; Justice Revolution etc designed and delivered within NRMAP-Ag, NRMAP, EPEHEM, NEHMAP, AAAA, SDG, COP21, Agenda 21 aligned and harmonized with Community and Country Development Plans in 306/193 Member States
The answers to FAO EPEHEN, FAO 5 Strategic Objectives as One, Report Recommendations and Conclusions and Global Goals – AAAA, SDG, COP21 and Agenda 21 How questions are in the DOING and so it is not helpful to avoid or evade answer the How questions or to provide answer to What questions as answer to How questions. For Good Development Results, the UK Government and UK Parliament; the FAO Governing Council and FAO Management need to be clear on the answer to DOING How questions. To achieve these all Research and Knowledge Gaps need to be filled so that the existing UK National Development Vision, UK International Development Vision, FAO EPEHEN, FAO 5 Strategic Objectives that is each Vision and Words could be converted into Policy, Program, Project Interventions, 3PIs and 3PIs as One for each Action Agenda Item in the Global Goals – AAAA, SDG, COP21 and Agenda 21 that is each Vision and Words with Action and these Tested in the Global Pilot Program to identify what works in a Community / Country and How it could be improved and what does not work and how it could be corrected before Scale Up across all Communities in the Country and in ways that maintain strong links between Communities in each Country and concerned Commonwealth System, UN System: UNO, WBG, IMF Headquarters in New York, Rome, Geneva.
It is pertinent to note that our World is currently accelerating on MADning (Mutually Assured Destruction) Road to DOOM and there is urgent need to change to MAPing (Mutually Assured Prosperity) Road to Boom. The Future of our World greatly depends on shifting from the MADning Road to the MAPing Road and on time. FAO Governing Council and FAO Management could help ensure our World makes this shift and as soon as possible through design and delivery of Report Recommendations and conclusions, UK National Development Vision, UK International Development Vision, FAO EPEHEM supported by ISPE/EAG NEHMAP that help achieve Global Goals – AAAA, SDG, COP21 Vision ambitions in each Community in each of the 306/193 UN Member States.
The Government, Parliament and Citizens in each of 306/193 UN Member States need to be actively involved within National and Global Collective Action Platforms designed to help our World Change to from MADning Road to DOOM to MAPing Road to BOOM. The 8 June 2017 UK Elections is opportunity for UK Government, UK Parliament, UK Business and UK Citizens to help our World make this important Change and on time. This underlines need for UK Government and UK Parliament to address serious issues of serious business set out in this Paper and the complementary Blog Article below, even in the few days remaining to the 8 June 2017 elections:-
In view of the above points and supporting evidence documents provided, our Argument is that after almost 60 years of International Development Cooperation:-
1. Incidences of divergence between Intention and Reality remain re-occurring decimals at levels too high for Sustainable Solutions to be found to root cause / primary cause problems on the ground in over 60% of Implementations and over 60% of Evaluations.
2. There is no bridge built between lessons learning and lessons forgetting and so mistakes of history continue to be made in each of the 9 Blocks.
3. As long as Community, Sub-national, National, Sub-regional, Regional and Global Stakeholders in the 9 Blocks do not quickly face new direction and adopt new priorities, the probability is high that our fragile planet could collapse in the life time of present Generation.
4. The Proposed Partnership provided practical, purposeful and sustainable solutions to real and complex problems on the ground in our world as is and not as any stakeholder, no matter how powerful wish it to be, within (1) – (3) and deserve the full and effective support of UK Government, UK Parliament, FAO Governing Council and FAO Management.
Good Reforms – Political Will and Public Will
The is need to create Political Momentum for greater commitment, collaboration, cooperation, cohesion, coordination, 5Cs from Community to Global levels in each of 306/193 UN Member States, if Stakeholders in the 9 Blocks are to jointly find clear and correct answers to 2030 Transformation Agenda: AAAA, SDG, COP21, Agenda 21 aligned and harmonized with Community Development Plans and Country Development Plans HOW questions, especially DOING of HOW and in ways that effectively deliver Correct Diagnosis, Correct Prescription, Correct Surgery and Correct Recovery Management to all identified real and complex root cause or primary cause problems on the ground in each specific location context – Community to Global.
In view of the above, there is need to build trust and confidence among Community to Global Stakeholders in each of the 9 Blocks within effective MSPs that promote and protect increasing 5 Cs’ at each level Community to Global in each of the 306/193 UN Member States and in ways that complement implementation and evaluation of existing and future Study Reports e.g. Evaluation Reports; Conference and Meetings Outcome Documents e.g. HLM2 NOD and this needs to be driven by Political Will on the part of Politicians and Top Civil Servants and Public Servants and Public Will and this needs to be driven by the full range of Stakeholders in the Civil Society Space – Citizens, Opinion Leaders, Traditional Rulers, Religious Leaders, Professional Association, Trade Groups, Labor Unions etc and in ways that Organize, Orientate and Discipline People to be the MOVING FORCE Driving Transformation of Society from Community to Global levels .
In his new book, Destined for War, the eminent Harvard scholar Graham Allison explains why Thucydides’s Trap is the best lens for understanding U.S.-China relations in the twenty-first century. Through uncanny historical parallels and war scenarios, he shows how close we are to the unthinkable. Yet, stressing that war is not inevitable, Allison also reveals how clashing powers have kept the peace in the past — and what painful steps the United States and China must take to avoid disaster today.
Graham Allison notes that the long peace the world has enjoyed since World War II is history’s exception, not the rule. A great surge of diplomatic courage and strategic imagination is therefore the best gift we can impart to those who have fallen—and to those who will stand in years to come. As military leaders are fond of reminding us, “the more you sweat in peace, the less you bleed in war.” He also noted that JFK’s central lesson from the 1962 crisis still offers wise counsel for Trump: “Above all, while defending our own vital interests, nuclear powers must avert those confrontations which bring an adversary to a choice of either a humiliating retreat or a nuclear war.”
Graham Allision’s perspectives underline the urgent need for serious issues of serious business demanding the serious attention of 306/193 UN Member States Governments and Parliaments; UN System: UNO, WBG, IMF Entities Leadership; Non State Actors Leadership raised in this Paper to be jointly addressed by concerned National and Global Leaders.
The UK Government, UK Parliament, UK Businesses – Micro, Small, Medium, Large and Multinational Enterprises; and UK Citizens cannot afford ultimate consequences of Denial, Deception, Delusion should UK Government and UK Parliament squander opportunity to ensure that whoever emerge Winner of 8 June 2017 election will be empowered to design and deliver required structural and policy changes within and beyond the UK. To avoid this, the necessary issues need to be made 8 June 2017 UK Election issues.
Records show that DFID, other UK Government Agencies, UK Parliament, FAO World Headquarters each has much Information and Knowledge; as well as Know How on Capacity Building; Strategic Management; Development Communication; Multi Stakeholder Partnerships; Development Advocacy; Influence for Good that can help Communities in both North and South Countries achieve more in the work towards achieving increasing convergence between 2030 Transformation Agenda Vision Intention and Reality, if greater percentage of these Resources are made available to Local Communities in each of 306/193 UN Member States.
Therefore, the achievement of UK National Development Vision and UK International Development Vision linked to Food, Agriculture and Nutrition Dimension of Global Goals – AAAA, SDG, COP21 Vision Intention and Reality by 2030 demands changing attitude and behavior at scale on FAO, UK Government and UK Parliament Internal Publics and External Publics sides.
In the work towards achieving increasing convergence between UK National Development Vision, UK International Development Vision; Food, Agriculture and Nutrition Dimension of Global Goals – AAAA, SDG, COP21 aligned and harmonized with Community Development Plans and Country Development Plans in 306/193 UN Member States, there are Bright Prospects of Success in Design and Delivery of Sustainable Solutions to real and complex Development, Diplomacy, Defense, Data, Digitization and Democracy problems on the ground from Community to Global levels, should UK Government, UK Parliament; other UN Member States Governments and Parliaments; FAO Governing Council and FAO Management and other UN System: UNO; WBG, IMF Entities Management accept to establish the Proposed Partnership.
The UK National and Global Media – Newspaper, TV, Radio, Online both Public and Private Owned have Duty to UK, Europe and World Citizens to give Visibility to points made in the Article and in enlightened UK Self Interest.
It is pertinent to note that UK Electoral Commission; the Electoral Commissions of other UN Member States; UK Parliament; the Parliaments of other UN Member States; UK Governments and the Governments of other UN Member States have Central Role to Play in the work towards Design and Delivery of the Structural and Policy Changes set out in this Paper.
It is our hope that points made in this Paper will resonate positively with FAO Governing Council and FAO Management; other UN System: UNO, WBG, IMF Entities Governing Council and Management; UK Government and UK Parliament; other UN Member States Governments and Parliaments and all relevant approvals received to kick start necessary arrangements and negotiations being discussed and established on time.
International Society for Poverty Elimination / Economic Alliance Group,
Akure – Nigeria, West Africa.
Email: email@example.com M: +234-8162469805
On Wednesday, 26 April 2017, 15:49, "ClarosOviedo, Manuel (OPCP)"
Dear Mr Rotimi,
Thank you for your messages.
I wish to express our appreciation for your interest in FAO’s work and activities, but nonetheless, I would like to point out that as a United Nations specialized agency, the Organization’s internal structure and processes’ change and development are only driven by member states.
Please note that FAO’s interventions at regional, sub-regional and country levels promote an integrated programme approach to food security and nutrition challenges and sustainable development, which are decided on by governments through Regional Initiatives and Country Programme Frameworks (CPF).
Your comments and issues’ about possible FAO structural and policy changes are much appreciated. Although, kindly note that as a Non State Actor (NSA), your organization cannot be involved in structural decision making processes and/or change of any kind related to FAO, given that NSAs are observers according to internal procedures.
As per FAO’s Strategy for Partnerships with the Private Sector, FAO recognizes two main categories of contributions from the private sector:
• Mutual collaboration: Partnerships involve active collaboration of the private sector with FAO in support of its work and in line with government priorities. Such collaboration could concern any of the areas of engagement: Development and technical programmes; Policy dialogue; Advocacy and communication; Norms and standard setting; Knowledge management and dissemination and Mobilization of resources. These may draw on mutual know-how, expertise and other support.
• Sponsorships: Partnerships involve financial contributions from the private sector in support of FAO’s programmes through identified areas of engagement. Private sector contributions can be targeted towards specific projects and programmes.
Considering the information above, we regret to inform you that FAO will not be able to move forward in partnership with your Organization.
I therefore wish to take this opportunity to express best wishes and the greatest success on your projects.
Manuel. E. Claros Oviedo
Partnerships, Advocacy and Capacity Development Division (OPC)
División de Asociaciones, Promoción Institucional y Desarrollo de las Capacidades
FAO HQ – Viale delle Terme di Caracalla, 00153